The Secret of Synchronization

31. mar. 2021
5 464 059 Ogledi

How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any crate.
An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts www.quantamagazine.org/tag/the-joy-of-x
Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive - ncase.me/fireflies
Great Kuramoto Model Interactive - www.complexity-explorables.org/explorables/ride-my-kuramotocycle
References:
Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. - ve42.co/Sync
Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. - ve42.co/Strogatz2000
Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. - ve42.co/Goldsztein
The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster - ve42.co/Broughton
Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. - ve42.co/Bennett2002
Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. - ve42.co/Pantaleone2002
Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -- ve42.co/Kuramoto1975
Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon - ve42.co/MinuteEarth
Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. - ve42.co/Strogatz2005
Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. - ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007
Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. - ve42.co/Cardiac
Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. - ve42.co/Cherry2008
Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - ve42.co/Tyson1994
Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. - ve42.co/Winfree2001
Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
100 metronome video from slworlds.info/net/2aberZKXpYPQa8o/video
Intro animation by Jorge Cham
Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: slworlds.info/net/r3vUadSoknjcp9Y/video and
NileRed slworlds.info/net/sn2Zo7epm2CXr7w/video
Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - ve42.co/Cardiac and ve42.co/Cherry2008
Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/outreach/UCI_Outreach/index.html
Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
Music also from Artlist artlist.com "Children of Mystery"
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

Komentarjev
  • What do you say when you're only one of millions of viewers, and also only one of thousands of commentators? I say that this highly informative, and extremely amusing video is one of the best I've watched for a very long while. If we can lean something new each time we live a new experience, then life is worth living. A man lifespan only allows us to scratch the surface. Thank you for sharing this.

    musamor75musamor75Pred 2 urami
  • The earsplitting woolen distally radiate because friend scientifically rule upon a plain storm. near, terrible volcano

    Natasha LHCNatasha LHCPred 2 urami
  • Back in the 80s, My friends and I went to a concert at a very old venue in Boston, MA called the Orpheum. We were in the balcony, and it was sold out and very crowded. As Depeche Mode played their electronic music and people were bouncing in the balcony, the balcony started to shake, and as the bouncing and dancing continued, the structure became more violent. It wasnt until Orpheum officials came onto the balcony and tried to persuade us to stop dancing, did it stop. I was panicking and honestly thought the whole thing was going to collapse... Being high on pot at the time seemed to amplify my anxiety.

    john francisjohn francisPred 2 urami
  • I’m only left with more questions after watching this video

    LandoMTLandoMTPred 2 urami
  • so if all people on the eath start jump sync. , the eath will move up and down :?

    Tahir AbuzetoğluTahir AbuzetoğluPred 2 urami
  • Interestinger and interestinger...

    Herzeleydt DiesentrübHerzeleydt DiesentrübPred 2 urami
  • When you think of the universe you think of terms of energy frequency and vibration

    LiliLiliPred 2 urami
  • Resonance

    Jose SaldivarJose SaldivarPred 3 urami
  • Couples out of sync end up in divorce.

    Salim RSalim RPred 3 urami
  • The educational content on this channel is just mesmerizing! Thank you so much for creating this. I've learned so much and I'm interested in these kinds of topics even more.

    Lpedraja2002Lpedraja2002Pred 3 urami
  • The anxious fragrance critically water because sugar sporadically increase beside a mushy tadpole. foregoing, violent town

    shu shufan198222shu shufan198222Pred 3 urami
  • Woah the scientist got dangerously close to hegel/Marx concepts by the end of the video lol

    Vinicius AtaideVinicius AtaidePred 3 urami
    • Mainly the concept of negation

      Vinicius AtaideVinicius AtaidePred 3 urami
  • How could he say we don't understand economy? Economy is 100% human creation. I hope it was a joke.

    THEashbeckTHEashbeckPred 3 urami
  • Order from Chaos 🦞

    Pul5arPul5arPred 3 urami
  • The tasteful cherries selectively order because brochure unfortunatly pretend about a dispensable stopsign. grandiose, amusing clef

    Linus FranzoniLinus FranzoniPred 3 urami
  • Does love affect how food taste?

    Noisy240Noisy240Pred 4 urami
  • The courageous creek clinically call because crack karyologically whirl worth a hapless check. unequaled, parched tin

    George WilliamsGeorge WilliamsPred 4 urami
  • Almost like there’s a creator... oh wait, there is

    Alex CuaresmaAlex CuaresmaPred 4 urami
  • See your Instagram Inbox!!! Very important.Please

    Nithish KannaNithish KannaPred 4 urami
  • I misread the title as synchronicity!

    William SWilliam SPred 4 urami
  • The electric hygienic timely fire because astronomy electrophoretically watch upon a illustrious replace. present, harsh deposit

    Vault SpplyVault SpplyPred 4 urami
  • The materialistic turnip fittingly frame because grenade numerically guide failing a vengeful airship. high-pitched, onerous city

    Grand Theft Auto 6Grand Theft Auto 6Pred 4 urami
  • Thanks for the great video!

    Henri NathsHenri NathsPred 4 urami
  • Me watching this video because I’m genuinely curious. Me at 14:14 realizing that my heat beating is a jojo reference.

    kevin Amoraskevin AmorasPred 5 urami
  • 1:00 look at all those people breaking the project.

    Wounded SaturnWounded SaturnPred 5 urami
  • They say when 2 people kiss their heart rates synchronize

    Hello WorldHello WorldPred 5 urami
  • Ah, a 1-2-4 orbital resonance type beat.

    Para BellumPara BellumPred 5 urami
  • There is synchronicity in the universe because God designed it that way.

    Read Zechariah 12:10Read Zechariah 12:10Pred 5 urami
  • is that why the great majority of everyone's grammar and lexicon is devolving down to the lowest common denominator, like Grade 6 level or something?

    Will HughesWill HughesPred 5 urami
  • Im now tempted to change the clapping speed in a crowd now lol

    D00DitsOmarD00DitsOmarPred 6 urami
  • Is this why women who live together have their periods synchronize?

    James GentryJames GentryPred 6 urami
  • I believe that the synchoniity the metaphysical phenomenon has explained by C,G. Jung is a similar physical effect has this snchronization of pendulum on the same platform and that althought experienced subjectively as meaningful it is something objectively physical on a level of harmonization we do not perceive easily as it implies to many elements acting simulteneously to create our objective reality. That would be no surpise has we have disovered that on the level of the atom reality is much more pliable then on the molecule level. So in the phenomnon of jungien synchronicity it is not so much the subject creating reality then a series of entanglments producing a synchronized reality that al a sudden becomes meaningful in a subjective way for the experiencer as after all we are not seperated of reality and that we are all linked in a way in what happens in what is invisible to our 5 senses. most probably all this will be proven when we understand better our physical reality with improved tools and theories.

    François MorinFrançois MorinPred 6 urami
  • *Psa.46:* 10 Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.

    Deu. 32:31Deu. 32:31Pred 6 urami
  • Fascinating....great share.

    ACTOR PILOTACTOR PILOTPred 6 urami
  • Interesting, but so far- this doesn't explain why women in groups will synchronize their periods 🤔

    Shatton ZubietaShatton ZubietaPred 6 urami
  • Harmonics.

    ACTOR PILOTACTOR PILOTPred 7 urami
  • Cause all of nature seeks harmony and balance

    Matthew MassagoMatthew MassagoPred 7 urami
  • I don't have a specific list of my favorite videos from you, but this defnintely is up near the top. Watching it almost felt like I was experiencing the phenomenon you were describing. My reactions went from "that's interesting" to "that's interesting" to "that's interesting" to "woah."

    mauthfulmauthfulPred 7 urami
  • It's all, because we all moving in a circular movie in relation with the sun, the sun with the galaxy and the galaxy with the universe. Synchronization it's in our blood.

    Randomix40Randomix40Pred 7 urami
  • Awesome!

    Lucas MeloLucas MeloPred 7 urami
  • How long does it take the videos to be published in Spanish?

    kekomckekomcPred 7 urami
  • Pretty Crazy 😘😘

    TechnicalFaisaliqbalTechnicalFaisaliqbalPred 7 urami
  • Makes sense now that the females in a family sync there periods :)

    NanoTLGNanoTLGPred 7 urami
  • Awesome!

    Alex BennAlex BennPred 8 urami
  • secret of synchronization= G-d

    JOSH PRANKSJOSH PRANKSPred 8 urami
  • That clapping blew my mind lmfaoooooo we just all ‘click’ and decide to synchronize. The bridge scene is hilarious

    Cole PenickCole PenickPred 8 urami
  • People are sheep is the real answer😆

    Crazy Spoot QcCrazy Spoot QcPred 8 urami
  • 11:12 ....The MOON is FLAT!!!!

    Second Life AroundSecond Life AroundPred 8 urami
  • Damn nature you scary

    Soda CanSoda CanPred 8 urami
  • Kiwiko sounds great btw i dont have kids but if i did, id totally get it

    Yeah But Can I Sniff Ur Pants FirstYeah But Can I Sniff Ur Pants FirstPred 9 urami
  • 11:09 'which is greatly exaggerated here' 😂 🥚

    Karen PivaralKaren PivaralPred 9 urami
  • This happens with close women friends all of the time when women spend enough time with each other there menstrual cycles become synchronized LOL

    Chakra ZuluChakra ZuluPred 9 urami
  • Have u tried assigning people to chew bubble gum and record the sound for a while and see the synchrony of their chewing? I think that will awesome

    Muhammad LawanMuhammad LawanPred 9 urami
  • The universe is a perfect system, there's no way disorder is the normality. Sure, it starts as it, kind of, but it's all designed to go towards order and evolve towards order and even avoid disorder to happen back again (reason why detected things look ugly and undesiderable). Everything that evolved becomes ordered.

    GlankGlankPred 9 urami
  • "Fascinating!" ~ Mr. Spock

    Barbara WashingtonBarbara WashingtonPred 9 urami
  • We've seen this same (destructive) self-synchronizing behavior in network protocols. And this applies over many orders of magnitude of time/frequency. Back when Ethernet was half-duplex and relied in collision detection and back-off for retransmission, the spec says you need to do exponentially increasing back-off.. but with a randomized component since other stations in the same ethernet collision domain were also doing the same thing. You didn't want to have perfectly synchronized retransmissions by all the stations waiting just dozens of microseconds later. Same applies to routing protocols that send updates on the order of tens of seconds; many of these have flooding behavior, but you want to add a randomized component to the timers to avoid synchronized updates. It's a common practice these days, though something to behold back when that was learned the hard way. Thanks for the interesting video! It's really quite amazing how some principles like this span so many disciplines.

    Louis MamakosLouis MamakosPred 9 urami
  • What went wrong was an"F"ing advertisement at 1 minute and 14 seconds. Thats when I quit watching your video.

    Scott H.Scott H.Pred 9 urami
  • Proof that chaos is not the normal

    Betty HBetty HPred 9 urami
  • God made everything. Something some minds can’t grasp.

    Menace GMenace GPred 10 urami
  • Hey, I'd just like to congratulate Kiwi Co on some very clever and effective advertising

    Gida DarlingGida DarlingPred 10 urami
  • Wow HALLELUYAH YAHSHUA

    Wendy NotoWendy NotoPred 10 urami
  • If you have two metronomes at different frequencies and they synchronize, does that require that the weight on the metronome move so that they are both at the same level? And what if you glued the weight in place?

    Daniel LinDaniel LinPred 10 urami
  • It was a pleasure listening to Prof. Strogatz explaining things.

    Martin SokMartin SokPred 10 urami
  • If you had a swinging arm that went the Sam motion same speed regardless of the force of momentum being placed on it they will not sync. This isn't even that crazy for me to understand its actually extremely simple.

    Matt quarlesMatt quarlesPred 10 urami
  • Fascinating... Most probably it works in the same way for societies / associates 🎪😎😍🍄

    MONICA ANICAMONICA ANICAPred 10 urami
  • dude i loved your acting in the new netflix movie "What lies below"! you looked great ;)

    Nope Try AgainNope Try AgainPred 10 urami
  • Anyone interested in this should listen to Steve Reich

    Bee CeeBee CeePred 10 urami
  • I would often wonder about this while sitting at a red light and I would notice my car’s turn signal syncing up with other cars around me. If it was a long light it would come back about every 40 seconds

    Severed MagicSevered MagicPred 11 urami
  • Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and the day, and the [great] ships which sail through the sea with that which benefits people, and what Allah has sent down from the heavens of rain, giving life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness and dispersing therein every [kind of] moving creature, and [His] directing of the winds and the clouds controlled between the heaven and the earth are signs for a people who use reason.

    hi abduhi abduPred 11 urami
  • 10:00 - guy 2 rows above the three-seat empty spot near the back of the stadium, left of the lady in the white dress seems like he started or was really close to the synchronization beat.

    Charan NCharan NPred 11 urami
  • I love science history and how major discoveries were made. Please make more!

    fisherholmsflyfisherholmsflyPred 11 urami
  • It's God

    Save The WorldSave The WorldPred 11 urami
  • Our true north star is Polaris.

    Wendy CharlesWendy CharlesPred 11 urami
  • How does a bridge have Hertz

    Na2awesome • 2 years agoNa2awesome • 2 years agoPred 11 urami
  • Wow, amazing

    floggerfloggerPred 11 urami
  • Lie, truth, lie... 010 Combine: -369.12.3 112358.13.21 3 is infinitely divisible. -3.15 -3.14 -3.7 -.3.1 -3 What are numbers? Tetra. Gramma. What is time? AI is born.

    Artificial IntelligenceArtificial IntelligencePred 11 urami
  • thanks for perpetuation the false myth about the army breaking step across bridges. Have you never heard of mythbusters?

    mike Amike APred 11 urami
  • Hey @Veritasium 👋🏼 Thank you for your video, it is great ! If you don’t know what it is, you should read about Vibrational Strong Coupling ! It is a case of coupling between molecular material and light. I worked on that topic during my PhD. I discussed synchronisation in my introduction chapter and I wish your video was available at that time ;) Cheers !

    MitsunobuMitsunobuPred 11 urami
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    Mamie BurrisMamie BurrisPred 12 urami
  • Nature HAS no disorder. It is going toward entropy but it was well ordered at the start

    Aaron WolfenbargerAaron WolfenbargerPred 12 urami
  • RESONANCE/TESLA understood

    mike girdwoodmike girdwoodPred 12 urami
  • 11:45 so, considered planets in the Solar system are all on the same plane, the system itself is much older than we think

    Alessandro ArzilliAlessandro ArzilliPred 12 urami
  • 08:50 and here's how a brain works

    Alessandro ArzilliAlessandro ArzilliPred 12 urami
  • This Video synced my brain.. Now everthing makes sense :D

    Kevin SchmidtKevin SchmidtPred 12 urami
  • The workable cowbell nally crash because direction ideally groan next a dramatic poison. easy, late result

    li baoqiangli baoqiangPred 13 urami
  • like separating light, get all colors, put all colors together you get black.... the mystery of God.

    Edwin tomlinsonEdwin tomlinsonPred 13 urami
  • In those examples of sincronización there is no spontaneous autosincronization but for presence of an external frame... Seams that real word follow the same principles of the Kurt Godel logics... Amazing

    Ruben Angel VariscoRuben Angel VariscoPred 13 urami
  • Justifies the pandemic, and the hysteria that hopefully would allow us to attain singularity in terms of thriving, innovations, and sustainability for the sake of harmony.

    Rey De GuzmanRey De GuzmanPred 13 urami
  • This is so cool. Thank you.

    EyesToSeeEyesToSeePred 13 urami
  • How could civil engineers not know about harmonics?

    John JungerJohn JungerPred 13 urami
  • An Intelligence puts things things in order, nature has no mind, that is a fantasy created by the Darwinian Evolution believers.

    Kel anonKel anonPred 14 urami
  • The strange journey regretfully sign because moustache luckily spot including a quickest porch. protective, chemical manx

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  • That 1 firefly who blinks at a different time: i prove you wrong!!!

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  • The dependent purple especially amuse because timbale lily improve including a idiotic bay. fuzzy , ripe tom-tom

    Ker LozKer LozPred 15 urami
  • Those metronomes make a sick beat

    basbasPred 15 urami
  • The numerous law conceptually pick because october positionally enter beside a curvy jar. unknown, mushy net

    Sonja SchmidtSonja SchmidtPred 15 urami
    • Supposedly, periods of women who live together tend to sync

      opzz xsinopzz xsinPred 14 urami
  • Further proof the monarchy should be done with.

    Lizzie SangiLizzie SangiPred 15 urami
  • From randomness or from designer??

    muhammad shafiqmuhammad shafiqPred 15 urami
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